You Will Learn:
PUMPS and COMPRESSORS OVERVIEW
You will learn how to:
- Identify types of pumps and common applications in oil and gas processing
- Describe how a pump selection chart can be used to select pump type
- Explain the relationship between head and pressure
- Calculate the pump power requirement
- Describe the differences in performance characteristics of centrifugal and positive displacement pumps
- Describe cavitation
- Define NPSHR and NPSHA
- Explain the principle of operation of a single stage centrifugal pump and identify the main pump components
- Describe the system head curve and explain how it affects pump selection
- Explain the principle of operation of plunger pumps, common configurations and identify the main pump components
- Identify types of compressors and common applications in oil and gas processing facilities
- Describe how a compressor selection chart can be used to select compressor type
- Explain the relationship between compressor head and pressure
- Calculate the compressor power requirement
- Estimate the compressor discharge temperature
- Explain the principle of operation of a centrifugal compressor and identify the main compressor components
- Describe a centrifugal compressor performance curve and identify and describe the surge line and stonewall
- Explain the principle of operation of a reciprocating compressor and identify the main compressor components
- Explain the principle of operation of a rotary screw compressor and identify the main compressor components
- List common drivers used for each compressor type
RECIPROCATING ENGINES, ELECTRIC MOTOR DRIVERS and GENERATORS
You will learn how to:
- Describe and list the key mechanical components, basic motors types, and generators, tabulate commercially available generators by their different characteristics and list same that affect the selection of drivers/prime movers.
- List key performance criteria for electric motors and generators affecting mechanical components, describe these according to the company standards and the factors that affect the selection of a power source of generators.
- Describe the key factors in the specification of motors and generators affecting the major mechanical components.
- Describe the overall electric power generation and distribution system for electric motor operations.
- List and define the scope of the applicable company standards and industry codes applicable to electric motors and generators.
- Describe typical inspection and testing done during manufacturing. the acceptance criteria, the interrelationships of manufacturing and inspection and applicable field performance testing for large motors and generators.
- Describe the electrical power system required to drive electric motors and outline starting load considerations for power reliability in using variable frequency drives.
- Describe the monitoring and inspection techniques used on electric motors and generators, list the typical damage mechanisms encountered and typical repair techniques.
- Describe the basic types of reciprocating engines used as prime movers / drivers in oil and gas applications and the key mechanical components of each.
- List key performance criteria for reciprocating engine drivers affecting design, describe factors affecting power delivery, and how the efficiency calculation is used in selection/design.
- Describe the contents of project mechanical spec's typical for reciprocating engines based on company standards and spec's and the design processes for same.
- Describe the types of fuels, list the adv. and limitations of each fuel type, and the type of aspiration systems used in reciprocating engines and their proper applications.
- List applicable company/industry codes and standards for reciprocating engines.
- Describe the inspection and testing of reciprocating engine emissions and performance typically done during manufacturing.
- Outline the sizing process for reciprocating engines as drivers / prime movers.
- Describe the maintenance and repair techniques used on reciprocating engines, list the typical damage mechanisms encountered and typical repair techniques.
GAS and STEAM TURBINES
You will learn how to:
- Describe basic types of and list the major characteristics of each turbine engine used as prime movers / drivers in oil and gas applications, and describe the key mechanical components.
- Describe efficiency calculation and how other parameters are used in selection and design, and the factors affecting delivered power, and list key performance criteria.
- Describe the contents of project mechanical spec's typical for turbine engines based on company standards and spec's, and the processes and applicable tools to design turbine engines.
- Describe the types of fuels used in turbine engines with adv. and limitations of each fuel type and the techniques used to reduce NOx and SOx emissions and how fuel quality effects performance/emissions.
- Describe the various parameters that affect the performance of gas turbines, the controls dealing with transient conditions, the various turbine emission control methods, and the typical operating modes/control strategies.
- List and define the scope of the applicable company standards and industry codes for turbine engines.
- Describe the inspection and testing typically done during manufacturing, the acceptance criteria, the applicable field performance testing, and turbine testing criteria for exhaust emissions and noise.
- Outline the sizing process for turbines engines as drivers / prime movers.
- Describe components of each rotors and the key material and manufacturing considerations, outline the functions of these components and list key operational and maintenance issues.
- Describe the maintenance and repair techniques used on gas turbines, list the typical damage mechanisms encountered and typical repair techniques.
- Describe the basic types of steam turbines, the key mechanical components, the auxiliary systems and controls used as prime movers in oil and gas applications.
- List the key performance criteria for and describe the factors of steam turbine drivers that affect design and material selection of mechanical components and power delivered to the user.
- Describe the design processes and applicable analytical tools for the design of the mechanical components of steam turbines and factors that impact the interface of steam turbines/plant design.
- Describe methods and processes that control steam turbine operations, the performance curves and use define operating characteristics and the typical operating and control strategies.
- Describe the overall steam generation process including waste steam use and recovery, the basic req'ts for water used in a boiler and feed water systems, and outline thermodynamic system losses.
- List and define the scope of the applicable company standards and industry codes for steam turbine driven equipment.
- Outline the key steps in supplier selection, materials sourcing, and supplier / sub-supplier manufacturing processes for turbine combustion engines and describe procedures for over-speed testing.
- Outline the sizing process for steam turbines as drivers / prime movers.
- Describe the components of each of the rotors, outline the components function, the key operational and maintenance consideration of these components, and key manufacturing considerations.
- Describe the maintenance and repair techniques used on steam turbines, list the typical damage mechanisms encountered and typical repair techniques.
MACHINERY DESIGN, MATERIALS and SUBSYSTEMS
You will learn how to:
- Describe the principles, design, material of manufacturing, operational and maintenance considerations of gears and gearing, transmission, and coupling systems used with the major types of rotating equipment.
- List seal types and key operational and maintenance considerations of each, describe the seal systems and major components and used with the major types of rotating equipment and outline their functions and principal design factors, their failure modes and how to prevent failures.
- Describe the principal materials used, outline the criteria used in the selection of these materials for the components for each major type of rotating equipment and their impact on operation and maintenance.
- Describe the lubrication and filtration systems and the key material and manufacturing considerations, list the key operational and maintenance, outline the functions and principal design factors for each system and the component considerations used with the major types of rotating equipment.
- List the various types of bearings, describe the principles of lubrication for the different bearing types, explain bearing life expectation and how maintenance and operation are affected.
MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT INSPECTION, OPERATION and MAINTENANCE
You will learn how to:
List the principal safety issues with N-RE, define concepts of equipment reliability and availability and describe the concept of risk when applied to N-RE.
- Outline the common processes of startup and shutdown of non-rotating equipment (N-RE), and list the common problems that occur during startup and shutdown (S&S) that can affect equipment integrity.
- Describe activities for operating N-RE as units and parts of a station and list the primary operational process and shutdown parameters that control unit and station operations.
- Describe the basic activities and functions of SCADA systems for N-RE as units and as part of a facility.
- List the routine maintenance activities for N-RE in oil and gas facilities and define concepts of inspection routine maintenance, preventative maintenance, repairs, and planned major overhauls.
- List the considerations for sparing of N-RE in oil and gas facilities and describe the concepts of stand-by units, spare units and spare capacity.
- Describe the process of inspection planning on N-RE, list the inspection techniques used, describe RBI and identify associated codes and standards.