Waterflooding A to Z - WF
Discipline: Reservoir Engineering
Duration: 5 days
Instructor(s): Richard Henry, Russell Johns, Kishore Mohanty
Waterflooding has long been proven as the simplest and the lowest cost approach to maintaining production and increasing oil recovery from an oil reservoir. However, these benefits may fall far short of the expectations unless the time-tested concepts and practices are clearly understood and judiciously implemented. These concepts and practices aim at process optimization - reducing production cost while minimizing waste and maximizing oil recovery and income. This course is light on theory but heavy on proven and successful practices. Published case histories of projects around the world are reviewed to provide an understanding of divergent points-of-view, what works where, what fails when, and why. This training covers all elements of a waterflood project from A to Z - from source water selection to produced water disposal and everything in between. Participants are grouped into small multi-disciplinary teams. All classroom discussions and problem-solving sessions are handled in an asset management team format. Simulation studies are done in class to evaluate basic waterflooding physics as well as to optimize the development of a hypothetical field.
Reservoir, production, facilities, and operations engineers who are involved with some aspects of a new or existing waterflood project; geoscientists and professionals who want to get a better feel for the entire process of planning, development, management, and recovery optimization of a waterflood project.
You Will Learn:
- Distinguish rock characteristics and fluid properties that control displacement of oil and thereby control oil recovery
- Predict incremental oil recovery and develop production and injection profiles using a variety of tools.
- Estimate injection water requirements in terms of volumes, timing, and composition
- Create early warning systems for flood management and optimize oil recovery through new and existing technologies
- Specify components of a well-designed waterflood plan
- Overview & terminology
- Effect of rock properties
- Effect of heterogeneity and anisotropy
- Effect of fluid properties
- Capillary pressure
- Relative permeability
- Physics of water displacing oil
- Statistical forecasting
- Analytical forecasting
- Numerical forecasting
- Injector monitoring
- Producer monitoring
- Integrated monitoring
- Effect of water impurities
- Surface processing of injection and produced water
- Water shut-off
- Pattern rotation
- Natural & hydraulic fractures
- Horizontal well applications
- Downhole separation
- Enhanced waterfloods
- Waterflood planning
- Many case histories
Mr. RICHARD HENRY is an independent reservoir simulation specialist who is either out on a sailboat or teaching for PetroSkills in his spare time. He has degrees in industrial and petroleum engineering, and has performed over fifty reservoir engineering studies over two decades on a variety of different simulation platforms, field sizes and reservoir types. Before discovering simulation, he audited reserves of oil and gas fields in Latin America and West Africa, and ran multi-national, multi-disciplinary field optimization teams for Texaco. Mr. Henry holds a B.S. in Industrial Engineering and an M.S. in Petroleum Engineering from the University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad.
DR. RUSSELL T. JOHNS is Chair and Professor of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering in the Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering at The Pennsylvania State University, where he holds the Victor and Anna Mae Beghini Faculty Fellowship. Prior to his current position, he served on the faculty at The University of Texas at Austin from 1995 to 2010. He also has nine years of industrial experience as a petrophysical engineer with Shell Oil and as a consulting engineer for Colenco Power Consulting in Baden, Switzerland. His research interests include enhanced oil recovery, unconventional gas engineering, theory of gas injection processes, multiphase flow in porous media, and well testing. In these areas he has published over 160 technical papers, reports, and books. Dr. Johns received the SPE Ferguson medal in 1993 for his research on the combined condensing/vaporizing gas-drive process. He also received the Faculty Excellence award in 1997, the Young Faculty award from the University of Texas in 2000, and the departmental teaching award in 2004. He served as Co-Executive Editor for SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering journal from 2002 2004. In 2009, he was awarded the SPE Distinguished Member award.? He is currently an Associate Editor for the SPE Journal and director of the gas flooding consortium and co-director of the unconventional natural resources consortium at Penn State University. He holds a BS degree in electrical engineering from Northwestern University and MS and PhD degrees in petroleum engineering from Stanford.
DR. KISHORE MOHANTY is the H.B. Harkins Professor of Petroleum & Geosystems Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin. His work experience includes 18 years of teaching at the University of Houston and 10 years of industrial research at the Exploration and Production Research Division, Atlantic Richfield Co. in Plano, Texas. He has many publications covering such topics as Transport in Porous Materials; Surfactant, Colloid and Interface Science; and Oil Recovery Enhancement Techniques. He received a Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Minnesota and a Bachelors of Technology in Chemical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology.
In-House Course Presentations
All courses are available for in-house presentation to individual organizations. In-house courses may be structured the same as the public versions or tailored to meet your requirements. Special courses on virtually any petroleum-related subject can be arranged specifically for in-house presentation. For further information, contact our In-House Training Coordinator at one of the
numbers listed below.
Telephone 1- 832 426 1234
Facsimile 1- 832 426 1244
Public Course Presentations
How to contact PetroSkills:
1-800-821-5933 toll-free in North America or
Address P.O. Box 35448, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74153-0448, U.S.A